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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://anchan.lib.ku.ac.th/agnet/handle/001/3102

ARN: TH201200003025
Authors: Satid Pinmanee
สาธิต ปิ่นมณี
Authors' affiliation: Rice Department, Bangkok (Thailand). Bureau of Rice Research and Development. Samoeng Rice Research Center
Authors' affiliation (Thai): กรมการข้าว สำนักวิจัยและพัฒนาข้าว ศูนย์วิจัยข้าวสะเมิง
Title: ข้าวหอมที่สูง "บือเนอมู"
Aromatic highland rice "Buer Ner Moo"
Corporate authors (Thai): Rice Department, Bangkok (Thailand). Bureau of Rice Research and Development
Citation: [Proceeding of rice research symposium 2011: Rice research center groups in upper and lower northern region], Phrae (Thailand), p. 357-368
Format Extent: 387 p.
Issue Date: 2011-02
Language: tha
Keywords: Beu Ner Moo
Rice terrace
Pure line selection
Rice yield
Aromatic rice
Subject Classification(ASC): F30
AGROVOC: Oryza sativa
Oryza sativa
Terrace cropping
Ethnic groups
Land varieties
Abstract: “Buer Ner Moo” a rain phase aromatic Highland rice variety, was planted on rice terrace that a hilltribe who called themselves Pwakin-nyaw (Kariang) was the owner. The rice name was Pwakin-nyaw’s language that means “Aromatic rice” same as its physical characteristic. Buer Ner Moo was a land race rice variety, which have been bred by Pwakinnyaw farmer selection. It was kept from generation to next generation until now. Therefore, it still closely related to Pwakin-nyaw’s community. If it was developed to pure variety and to Geographical Indications (GI), that was the way to increase its value. Thereby, the purifiers Buer Ner Moo rice by breeding method was a part of Development of Aromatic Highland Rice Variety (Buer Ner Moo) for Food Security project that was funded by the crown property bureau. The project aimed to purifiers Buer Ner Moo rice variety and prepares to support Buer Ner Moo rice produced on rice terrace under the highland environment of northern Thailand as a Geographical Indications in the future. There were three steps that were done, collecting Buer Ner Moo rice varieties and relationship data about Buer Ner Moo to source, to community, to tradition and to culture form difference place in Chiang Mai, developing Buer Ner Moo to pure variety, and making data base by comparing Buer Ner Moo yield to others. The result showed that the 48 Buer Ner Moo seed samples were collected from 4 districts of Chiang Mai, Mae Eye, Chiang Dao, Chai Pra Kan, and Mae Jam. The relationship between every Pwakin-nyaw farmer’s rice variety and production source, community, tradition, culture, were found that most of them were used as a part of offerings in many ceremonies, for example, thank for paddy field’s ghost, field’s ghost celebration, worship the god of land, offering new rice to god, offering new rice to seniority, yearly frightened and eating new rice ceremony. However, Buer Ner Moo deeply related to Pwakin-nyaw family that because Buer Ner Moo was planted and bred since ancestor times. The developing Buer Ner Moo to pure variety by line selection showed 10 groups of Buer Ner Moo which were physically separated. Following Buer Ner Moo physical character described by Pwakin-nyaw farmer, slender grain and aroma, 10 groups of Buer Ner Moo could be selected only 3 groups to plant and compare their yields to other varieties, PTT 1, KDML 105, Buer Tor Mae, Buer Chor Mee and new Buer Ner Moo collections. The new collections were collected at 2 sub provinces, Mae Jam and Chai Pra Kan. The comparison found that the 3 selected groups gave average yield, 246-409 kg/rai, which were less than PTT1 average yield (686 kg/rai) but more than KDML105 average yield (173 kg/rai). The next step of developing Buer Ner Moo variety to Geographical Indications in the future, after purifier, it will be extent it to Pwakin-nyaw’s rice terrace in Chiang Mai. However the strongly extension needs the accepting of Pwakin-nyaw farmers, the supporting of government, and the other funding to make Buer Ner Moo to Geographical Indications.
Right: ลิขสิทธิ์เป็นของเจ้าของบทความแต่เพียงผู้เดียว
สงวนลิขสิทธิ์ตามพระราชบัญญัติลิขสิทธิ์ พ.ศ. 2537
เอกสารนี้สงวนไว้สำหรับการใช้งานเพื่อการศึกษาเท่านั้น ไม่อนุญาตให้นำไปใช้ประโยชน์ด้านการค้า ไม่ว่ากรณีใดๆ ทั้งสิ้น อีกทั้งห้ามมิให้ดัดแปลงเนื้อหา และต้องอ้างอิงถึงเจ้าของเอกสารทุกครั้งที่มีการนำไปใช้
Type: Collection
Format Extent: 387 หน้า
Availability : Library of Bureau of Rice Research and Development, Rice Department;
Availability: ห้องสมุดสำนักวิจัยและพัฒนาข้าว กรมการข้าว;
Appears in Collections:Rice Department

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